1 W.A.G.S Prisoner Of War

The 1 W.A.G.S. Memorial pays tribute to those RAAF trainees who served in all Theatres of War during WW2 and became Prisoners of War.

To date 139 1 W.A.G. personnel were held in captivity with 31 dying as P.O.W.s. These airmen were held in German, Italian and Japanese camps. Twenty-two P.O.W.s died at the hands of the Japanese. The rest were whilst prisoners of Italian/German captors.

The following information has been included in this report and the Sources acknowledged.

The ones who were most likely to fall into German hands were those serving in Bomber Command, flying raids over Germany and German-occupied Europe. Fatal casualties in the RAAF over the duration of the war in Europe were 5397, of whom the lions share - 3486- had served in Bomber Command , compared to 191 in Fighter Command, 408 in Coastal Command and 1312 in training and other units. Middle Eastern operations, too, claimed a high price in RAAF fatalities, reaching 1135. Australian airmen also supported campaigns against German and Italian forces in North Africa, the Mediterranean and Far East. By the end of the war there were some 16,000 RAAF personnel in locations as varied as the UK, Western Europe, Gibraltar, Iceland and Middle East. The activities of Australian airmen extended across the greatest part of the war's duration. If they did not manage to escape, these men captured in the first year of hostilities spent close to five long years behind bars. At the other extreme, the last of the Australians to become POW's were also airmen, shot down over the Reich as it drew its final breaths.

Excerpts from the book  P.O.W.  Australian prisoners of war in Hitler's Reic by Peter Monteath.

During the Pacific war, the Japanese captured 22,000 Australians: soldiers, sailors, airmen and members of the army nursing service, as well as some civilians. They were imprisoned in camps throughout Japanese-Occupied Territories in Borneo, Korea, Manchuria, Hainan, Rabaul, Ambon, Singapore, Timor, Java, Thailand, Burma and Vietnam and also Japan itself. At the end of the war only 13,872 of the POWs were recovered: one-third of the prisoners had died.  POW in the services were as follows: Army (about 21,000); RAN (354); and RAAF (373).

Source - Department of Veteran Affairs 'Anzac Portal' and the Australian War Memorial

According to a directive ratified on 5 August 1937 by The Japanese emperor Hirohito, the constraints of the Hague Conventions were explicitly removed from prisoners of war from China, the United States, Australia, Britain, Canada, India, the Netherlands, New Zealand and the Philippines held by the Japanese armed forces and these POWs were subject to murder, beatings, summary punishment, brutal treatment, forced labour, medical experimentation, starvation rations and poor medical treatment. The most notorious use of forced labour was in the construction of the Burma–Thailand 'Death Railway'.

According to the findings of the Tokyo Tribunal, the death rate of Western prisoners was 27.1%,seven times that of POWs under the Germans and Italians.

After the war, it became clear that there existed a high command order – issued from the War Ministry in Tokyo – to kill all remaining POWs.

Source - Forces War Records  Prisoners of War of the Japanese 1939-1945

1W.A.G.S Prisoner Of War
Major camps for Australian P.O.W.s in Europe
RAAF Ex-P.O.W
Ex RAAF POWs Welcomed Home 11 September 1945 Trove
A Japanese POW Camp
Allied POWs in a Japanese internment camp

The 1 W.A.G.S. Research Team acknowledges with thanks the Ex-Prisoner of War Memorial Ballarat website and the WW2 Nominal Roll which was used to verify the following names:

Name
Service No.
Status
Rank
Operations
AITCHESON, Allan Graham
432654
Killed (POW)
Flight Sergeant
POW Netherlands East Indies
ALDRIDGE, Elliot Richmond
416173
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
ASHTON, Ronald Anthony
404762
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
AUSTIN, Clifton Edward
408617
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
BAKER, James
402700
Killed (POW)
Sergeant
Air ops.Halong Netherlands East Indies
BANDY, John Percy William
401021
Killed (POW)
Sergeant
Believed POW missing air ops. Coral Sea, off New Guinea.
BARRY, Maxwell Rae
419764
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
BARTLE, Murray Thomas
415753
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
BEDDOE, Donald Cosmo
401731
Killed (POW)
Flying Officer
Shot down over Itain Islands Banda Sea POW
BEECHER, Thomas Francis
410208
Killed (POW)
Warrant Officer
Air ops.Wesseling, Germany
BELL, John Robert
404137
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
BENNETT, James Frederick Morgan
404195
Killed (POW)
Warrant Officer
Prisoner of War Germany
BERRY, Graham Royston
407281
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
BLACK, William Rex
417292
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
BLACKET, Geoffrey Caleb
407635
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
BOANAS, Jack William Robinson
417331
Killed (POW)
Flight Sergeant
P.O.W Ambon
BONNICE, Thomas
401737
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
BOORD, Thomas Kitchener
410829
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
BROWN, Ronald Arthur
401812
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
BURFORD, Eric
407820
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
BURNLEY [DFC], Bernard
407097
Killed (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
Flying battle India
BURRILL [DFM], Keith Richard
408120
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
CALDER, Lewis Walter
427416
Killed (POW)
Flight Sergeant
Air ops. Yugoslavia
CHEESE, William Desmond
408046
Killed (POW)
Sergeant
Air ops. Target Essen
CHENOWETH, Colin Maxwell
407198
Killed (POW)
Flight Sergeant
Air ops. Middle East Egypt POW by the Italians.
CLARK, Jack Robert
415763
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
CLARK, Roger Francis Wyman
406389
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
CLEARY, Francis James
400870
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
CLOHESSY, Keith Francis
427295
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
CLOWRY, Thomas Philip
402083
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
COLLINS, Billy Kendall
406613
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
COPPIN, James Bayfield
407099
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
CROMIE, John Andrew
410633
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
CROOKSTON, Duncan Alexander
402770
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
CRUMP, Hedley Lawrence
407027
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
CURRIE [MBE], Alister McGregor
407822
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
DEASE, Maxwell
415073
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
DINGEY, Vincent Gilbert
427590
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
DOCKING, Gilbert Charles
419930
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
DONALD, Geoffrey Robert
402287
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
DOWNTON [CGM], George Alban
401206
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
DUNCAN, Alexander
38367
Killed (POW)
Pilot Officer
Flying battle Bochum Germany
EARL, Eric John
410963
Discharged (POW)
Flying Officer
EASTON, Thomas Somerville
409135
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
EATON, John Gill
437260
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
ELLIS, Elias Charles
418931
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
FARRELL, George Thomas William
415895
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
FAWCETT, Theodore Allen
406143
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
FITZGERALD, William Frederick
415775
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
FORSYTHE, Pete Gordon
402158
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
FOXWELL, Clarence Murray
407148
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
FRASER, John Donald
436322
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
GALVIN [DFC], Glenburne George
401208
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
GAYFER, Roscoe Napier Bunning
400556
Killed (POW)
Warrant Officer
Died of illness [POW of Japan] Burma
GILLAN, John Walter
400253
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
GRAHAM, John Chisholm
400653
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
GRAHAM, Maurice Anthony
410337
Killed (POW)
Flight Sergeant
Missing air ops. from Australia executed whilst P.O.W Ambon
GREY, Robert Colin
415646
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
GUTHRIE, Keith Clifford
400254
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
HOCKING [DFC], Reginald Thomas
407291
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
HORNABROOK, Roydon Sargood
400876
Killed (POW)
Warrant Officer
Prisoner of War Thailand
JONES [DFM], Arthur Edward Frederick
407103
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
LANDSBERG, James William
404759
Killed (POW)
Warrant Officer
Prisoner of War Java.
LEWIS, Harold Victor
406146
Killed (POW)
Sergeant
Died a prisoner off the Japanese Coast
LINDLEY, George Grey
427712
Killed (POW)
Pilot Officer
Prisoner of War Celebes
MADIGAN, Norman James
406982
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
MAIN, Anthony Clifton
406049
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
MANN, Percival James
401043
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
MARTIN, Howard Allan
407506
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
MARTIN, Philip Andrew
406441
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
McARTHUR, Norman
400880
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
McDIARMED, Douglas Graham
400562
Killed (POW)
Pilot Officer
Air ops.from Australia vicinity Pomelaa
McDONALD, Kenneth Stewart
400351
Killed (POW)
Sergeant
Died a POW Middle East
McKENZIE, Lyndon Lloyd
416284
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
MEGGS, Alan Maxwell
419412
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
MILNE, David Keith
427134
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
MONTGOMERIE, Laurence John
406865
Killed (POW)
Sergeant
Air ops. over Ambon. Executed by the Japanese whilst a POW.
MURPHY, Lawrence Mathew
401627
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
NILEN, Thomas Alexander
436772
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
NOLAN, Michael Joseph
7188
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
NORTHWAY, Patrick William
406679
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
O'CONNELL, Conel
403033
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
OLDFIELD [DFM], Ernest Radcliffe
406221
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
ORGILL, John Victor
441469
Killed (POW)
Flight Sergeant
Died whilst POW Celebes - died of injuries after being beaten by Japanese guards.
PACKHAM, Keith
436776
Killed (POW)
Flying Officer
Prisoner of War Tomohon North Celebes
PARKER, Keith Rex
408106
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
PAYNE, Stanley Wilfred
406537
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
PERRY, Geoffrey Arnold
427728
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
PLUNKETT [BEM], John James
404216
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
READ, Isaac Wood
406222
Killed (POW)
Sergeant
Missing believed P.O.W Halong Netherlands East Indies
REDPATH, Harry Cadwallader
410285
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
RICHARDS, David Bower
407743
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
RIDGE, Raymond Francis
417891
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
ROBERTS, Rhys
407513
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
ROBERTSON, Ronald Thomas
418680
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
ROBINSON, Ian William
409227
Discharged (POW)
Flying Officer
ROLLINS, James Leslie
407036
Killed (POW)
Pilot Officer
Flying battle Germany target Duisburg. POW
ROSS, Allan Hugh
402206
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
RYDINGS, John Alty
427356
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
SAUNDERS, James Miller
401453
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
SHARP, Gilbert Alfred Lawrence
400883
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
SHERIDAN, Frederick Joseph
441296
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
SMITH, Henry Ross
401327
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
SMITH, James Herbert
407462
Discharged (POW)
Flying Officer
SOUTH, Edgar
401054
Killed (POW)
Warrant Officer
Missing Far East reported P.O.W. in Japanese hands. Died whilst P.O.W in Thailand
SQUIRE, John Manuel
407952
Killed (POW)
Flight Sergeant
Flying battle Middle East, POW
STANLEY, William Allen
436168
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
STEPHENS, Maxwell Frederick
406664
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
STOCKDILL, Ronald George
427957
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TAYLOR, Robert
422742
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TEE, Walter
418988
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TERRETT, Leslie James
418711
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
THOMAS, Gordon Ronald
417011
Killed (POW)
Flight Sergeant
Operations with 22 SQN [Boston] Aircraft A28-15 damaged by enemy fire and ditched 30 miles south of Gasmata. Gordon died a POW.
THOMPSON, William Robert
407653
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
THOMSON, Robert Melrose
407304
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
THOMSON, Stuart Colin
400671
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TILLER, Henry Stanley
417677
Discharged (POW)
Flying Officer
TONKIN, Alan Roy
407654
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TONKIN, Rodney Coombs
417431
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TREGENZA, Robert George
407955
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TRENDENICK, Allan Francis
404307
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TULLOCH, John Roland
437457
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TUNNEY, Donald James
406048
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
TWIST, Colin James
407655
Killed (POW)
Flying Officer
Enermy action from Australia believed a POW
UNDERWOOD, Hubert John
407306
Killed (POW)
Flight Sergeant
Prisoner of War Burma
WALLACE, Nicholas Francis
408556
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WATKINS, Douglas Alexander George
406542
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WEIR, John
16874
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WHITE, James Kevin
418035
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WHITE, William Murray
402043
Discharged (POW)
Pilot Officer
WHITE-KANE , Anthony Kane
401060
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WHITFIELD, Ross Albert
417026
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WHITTY, John Francis
401061
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WIDDUP, Victor
415596
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WILLINGTON, Neil
436767
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WINDMILL, Frank
409637
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WITHAM, William Douglas
404761
Killed (POW)
Sergeant
Air attack on shipping at Koepang wounded P.O.W by Japanese
WOOD, Kenneth Ronald
404155
Killed (POW)
Warrant Officer
Death the result of the sinking of a Japanese Transport whilst a POW
WOODLAND, Stanley James
401062
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WOODS, Malcolm Stuart
416306
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
WRIGHT, Norman Harry
401226
Discharged (POW)
Flight Lieutenant
ZWAR, Ronald Frank
417554
Discharged (POW)
Warrant Officer
Showing 1 to 142 of 142

Acknowledgements

UBC Web DesignAustralian War MemorialCity of BallaratNational Archives of AustraliaRSL Virtual War MemorialDepartment of Veterans+39 Affairs